Princeton University researchers have found that nature has developed a backup method for converting atmospheric nitrogen into the nutrient form critical to plant growth and soil fertility. The researchers report that the process known as nitrogen fixation can be carried out by the metal vanadium in ecosystems — particularly in […]

The chambers attached to trees were used to measure the greenhouse gas N2O emissions in this study. Credit: Mari Pihlatie A recently published study, completed by researchers from the University of Helsinki together with Dr Katerina Machacova, a visiting scholar, demonstrates that boreal forests of the Northern Hemisphere are sources […]

Illustration of Lunar IceCube in orbit. Credit: Morehead State University As we venture forward to the Moon and establish a sustained lunar presence, finding and understanding water on the lunar surface becomes increasingly important. Lunar water is largely in the form of, but not necessarily limited to, water ice. Astronauts […]

A silver-backed chevrotain was caught on a camera trap as it wandered about the forest (Image: © Originally published on Live Science.) A tiny creature that looks part-deer, part-mouse hadn’t been seen in nearly 30 years. Now, with a series of camera traps, researchers have caught the silver-backed chevrotain, also […]

Satellite images used in the study show deforestation and elevated suspended sediment (orange/brown water) due to gold mining operations in the Rio Inambari and Rio Colorado watersheds in Peru. Credit: Images are from NASA LandSat. Figure compiled by Evan N. Dethier. A Dartmouth study finds that artisanal-scale gold mining is […]

The Princess Elisabeth Antarctica Research Station. Credit: James Linighan, Author provided As a scientist investigating climate change, I’m embarrassed by the high carbon footprint I have when I travel to, and work in, Antarctica. Researchers based in the UK regularly take four or five flights to reach the continent and […]

This is a deep-sea coral community off the Big Island of Hawaii. Credit: University of Hawaii, Hawaii Undersea Research Laboratory A collaboration between researchers at the University of Hawai‘i (UH) at Mānoa School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST), Hawai‘i Pacific University (HPU) and the National Oceanic and […]

Scientists have found there are likely millions of ways of storing biological information. But why does biology do it the way it does? Scientists computed a zoo of millions of alternate genetic polymer molecular structures, giving context for why biology encodes information how it does, and providing potential leads for […]