Deforestation darkening the seas above world’s second biggest reef

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain

Converting Central American tropical forests into agricultural land is changing the color and composition of natural material washing into nearby rivers, making it less likely to decompose before it reaches the ocean, a new Southampton-led study has shown.

The flow of dissolved , such as soil, from land to the oceans plays an important role in the global carbon and nutrient cycles. Changing how land is used can alter the type and amount of material being transported, with widespread implications for ecosystems.

In this latest study, an international research team set out to learn more about the effects of  on the coastal environment by studying material that flowed into rivers from various settings in a Central American rainforest, tracking its progress into the sea off the coast of Belize, home to the world’s second largest barrier reef.

Stacey Felgate, a Ph.D. Student at the University of Southampton and the National Oceanography Center, led the study working with partners in Belize. Stacey said, “Like many countries in the region, Belize is experiencing a rapid rate of deforestation due to increasing need for agricultural and , whilst the economy also relies on the fishing and tourism industries on the coastline. Despite this, there has been very little research into the impact that changing land-use at such a fast pace is having on the region’s coastal ecosystems.”

Credit: University of Southampton

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