Mollusks of a sample from Southern Israel: in red, those belonging to species of Red Sea origin, in blue, those of Mediterranean origin. Native species are very few, whereas tropical ones are dominant, marking the transformation of the ecosystem. Credit: © Paolo Albano Most native species are going locally extinct, […]

The banyan tree Ficus macrocarpa produces aerial roots that give it its distinctive look. A new study reveals the genomic changes that allow the tree to produce roots that spring from its branches. Credit: Photo by Gang Wang The banyan fig tree Ficus microcarpa is famous for its aerial roots, which sprout […]

Tree hyrax from Taita Hills, Kenya. Credit: Hanna Rosti A research team from the University of Helsinki has discovered a tree hyrax in the Taita Hills, Kenya, which may belong to a species previously unknown to science. The discovery, which was part of a study of the vocalizations of nocturnal […]

Carolina Sandhills salamander (Eurycea arenicola) in life from North Carolina. Credit: Todd Pusser Already possessing more salamander species than any other state in the country with 63, North Carolina has just added one more to make it 64. The aptly named Carolina Sandhills Salamander (Eurycea arenicola) is found in association […]

A new study applies machine learning to the fossil record to visualize life’s history, showing the impacts of major evolutionary events. This shows the long-term evolutionary and ecological impacts of major events of extinction and speciation. Colors represent the geological periods from the Tonian, starting 1 billion years ago, in […]

Magmatic gas hydrothermal venting at the Cone site in Brothers volcano. Credit: Image courtesy of Anna-Louise Reysenbach, NSF, ROV Jason and 2018©Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Hydrothermally-active submarine volcanoes account for much of Earth’s volcanism and are mineral-rich biological hotspots, yet very little is known about the dynamics of microbial diversity […]

Leipzig is host to the oldest botanical garden in Germany. On an area of only three hectares, around 6500 of the 350,000 plant species worldwide grow here. Credit: Swen Reichhold Leipzig could mean for the future of plant taxonomy what Greenwich meant for world time until 1972: it could become […]

Timeline of early eukaryotic evolution unveiled the mitochondrial acquisition occurred in a scenario of increasing complexity. Credit: Utrecht University, IRB Barcelona By analyzing duplicates of thousands of genes, researchers have reconstructed the evolutionary events leading to the creation of eukaryotic cells, the precursors to virtually all life you can see […]

Described by the ‘father of zoogeography’ and co-author of the theories of evolution and natural selection, the species hasn’t been reexamined since 1866. An over a century-long mystery has been surrounding the Taiwanese butterfly fauna ever since the “father of zoogeography” Alfred Russel Wallace, in collaboration with Frederic Moore, authored […]