Montastraea spawning, Philippines. Credit: James R. Guest Efforts to understand when corals reproduce have been given a boost thanks to a new resource that gives scientists open access to more than forty years’ worth of information about coral spawning. Led by researchers at Newcastle University, UK, and James Cook University, […]

Glacier buttercup, Ranunculus glacialis, in front of the Rutor glacier, Italy. Credit: G. Losapio and coauthors Beyond the ski slopes, one of the most iconic symbols of the Alps are the alpine flowers. These plants are not only beautiful — they are also used in liqueurs and medicines, and they […]

Researchers at Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU) in Japan show that melatonin and its metabolites promote the formation of long-term memories in mice and protect against cognitive decline. Researchers at Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU) showed that melatonin’s metabolite AMK can enhance the formation of long-term memories in […]

The aerial scene depicts two Late Devonian early tetrapods — Ichthyostega and Acanthostega — coming out of the water to move on land. Footprints trail behind the animals to show a sense of movement. Credit: Davide Bonadonna It’s hard to overstate how much of a game-changer it was when vertebrates […]

Researchers urge UK to keep EU ban on pesticide which has detrimental effect on pollinators. Just like us, many insects need a decent night’s sleep to function properly, but this might not be possible if they have been exposed to neonicotinoid insecticides, the most common form of insecticide used worldwide, […]

The rice coral Montipora capitata in waters near the Hawai’i Institute of Marine Biology on Moku o Loʻe in Kāne’ohe Bay, Hawaii. Credit: D. Bhattacharya How to Identify Heat-Stressed Corals Researchers have found a novel way to identify heat-stressed corals, which could help scientists pinpoint the coral species that need protection […]

A Hesperapis regularis bee visits a flower of Clarkia cylindrica at Pinnacles National Park. Credit: Tania Jogesh Study of flowers with two types of anthers solves mystery that baffled Darwin. Some flowers use a clever strategy to ensure effective pollination by bees, doling out pollen gradually from two different sets […]

This is an image of RPE implant embedded in the sub-retinal space of a non-human primate model. The background retinal vessels highlighted by fundus fluorescein angiography. Credit: Su, Xinyi Retinal cells derived from adult human eye stem cells survived when transplanted into the eyes of monkeys, an important early step […]

Mollusks of a sample from Southern Israel: in red, those belonging to species of Red Sea origin, in blue, those of Mediterranean origin. Native species are very few, whereas tropical ones are dominant, marking the transformation of the ecosystem. Credit: © Paolo Albano Most native species are going locally extinct, […]

Coral reefs, such as Los Jardines de la Reina, pictured, have microbes that may help protect the coral against certain nutrient imbalances. Credit: Robert Walker The bacteria scrub out nitrogen, potentially defending against certain nutrient overloads. Corals have evolved over millennia to live, and even thrive, in waters with few […]