Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Ivannikov Institute for System Programming, and the Harvard Medical School-affiliated Schepens Eye Research Institute have developed a neural network capable of recognizing retinal tissues during the process of their differentiation in a dish. Unlike humans, the algorithm achieves this without the […]

Animation When cells don’t divide into proper copies of themselves, living things fail to grow as they should. For the first time, scientists now understand how a protein called TANGLED1 can lead to accurate cell division in plants. Inside cells are structures called microtubules, which act like highways for moving […]

animation Billiard-like break shot to cell-membrane structures triggers brain’s loss of consciousness from anesthesia, scientists find. Surgery would be inconceivable without general anesthesia, so it may come as a surprise that despite its 175-year history of medical use, doctors and scientists have been unable to explain how anesthetics temporarily render […]

Researchers from the RIKEN Center for Advanced Photonics and collaborators have discovered that terahertz radiation, contradicting conventional belief, can disrupt proteins in living cells without killing the cells. This finding implies that terahertz radiation, which was long considered impractical to use, may have applications in manipulating cell functions for the […]

DNA may not be life’s instruction book, but just a jumbled list of ingredients. University of Maryland researcher develops potentially revolutionary framework for heredity and evolution in which inheritable information is stored outside the genome. The common view of heredity is that all information passed down from one generation to […]

A clinical trial showed the ability of a stem cell-based topical solution to regrow hair in people with male/female pattern baldness. The results of a clinical trial released today (May 18, 2020) in STEM CELLS Translational Medicine demonstrate how a topical solution made up of stem cells leads to the regrowth of […]

From left, Graduate Student Gustaf E. Degen, Research Technician Dawn Worrall, and Senior Lecturer Elizabete Carmo-Silva from Lancaster University discovered that swapping just one amino acid creates a better helper enzyme that can trigger photosynthesis more efficiently at higher temperatures in wheat. Credit: RIPE project Researchers working on molecular-level responses […]

Discovery draws surprising parallels between low-level organisms and sophisticated neurons; lays the groundwork for memory-capable biological systems. Biologists studying collectives of bacteria, or “biofilms,” have discovered that these so-called simple organisms feature a robust capacity for memory. Working in the laboratory of University of California San Diego Professor Gürol Süel, […]

Diving in the Gulf of Mexico: With the submersible ALVIN, the researchers from Bremen were able to reach the seafloor. There they used ALVIN’s grab arm to collect sediment cores from the seabed. White-orange colored microbial mats made of sulfur-oxidizing bacteria indicate hot vents, where particularly large amounts of methane […]

Purified schizorhodopsin protein in water solution. Credit: © 2020 Inoue et al. Unique protein acts as an inward proton pump in a distant microbial relative. Researchers investigated the group of microorganisms classified as Asgard archaea, and found a protein in their membrane which acts as a miniature light-activated pump. The schizorhodopsin […]