Researchers from the RIKEN Center for Advanced Photonics and collaborators have discovered that terahertz radiation, contradicting conventional belief, can disrupt proteins in living cells without killing the cells. This finding implies that terahertz radiation, which was long considered impractical to use, may have applications in manipulating cell functions for the […]

DNA may not be life’s instruction book, but just a jumbled list of ingredients. University of Maryland researcher develops potentially revolutionary framework for heredity and evolution in which inheritable information is stored outside the genome. The common view of heredity is that all information passed down from one generation to […]

A clinical trial showed the ability of a stem cell-based topical solution to regrow hair in people with male/female pattern baldness. The results of a clinical trial released today (May 18, 2020) in STEM CELLS Translational Medicine demonstrate how a topical solution made up of stem cells leads to the regrowth of […]

From left, Graduate Student Gustaf E. Degen, Research Technician Dawn Worrall, and Senior Lecturer Elizabete Carmo-Silva from Lancaster University discovered that swapping just one amino acid creates a better helper enzyme that can trigger photosynthesis more efficiently at higher temperatures in wheat. Credit: RIPE project Researchers working on molecular-level responses […]

Discovery draws surprising parallels between low-level organisms and sophisticated neurons; lays the groundwork for memory-capable biological systems. Biologists studying collectives of bacteria, or “biofilms,” have discovered that these so-called simple organisms feature a robust capacity for memory. Working in the laboratory of University of California San Diego Professor Gürol Süel, […]

Diving in the Gulf of Mexico: With the submersible ALVIN, the researchers from Bremen were able to reach the seafloor. There they used ALVIN’s grab arm to collect sediment cores from the seabed. White-orange colored microbial mats made of sulfur-oxidizing bacteria indicate hot vents, where particularly large amounts of methane […]

Purified schizorhodopsin protein in water solution. Credit: © 2020 Inoue et al. Unique protein acts as an inward proton pump in a distant microbial relative. Researchers investigated the group of microorganisms classified as Asgard archaea, and found a protein in their membrane which acts as a miniature light-activated pump. The schizorhodopsin […]

Immune cells by fluorescence microscopy: Blood stem cells remember a previous attack and produce more immune cells like these macrophages to fight a new infection. Credit: © Sieweke lab/CIML Blood Stem Cells Boost Immunity by Keeping a Record of Previous Infections These findings should have a significant impact on future […]

Immediately after a sperm fertilizes an egg, the SPRK1 enzyme leads the first step in untangling a sperm’s genome, kicking out special packing proteins called protamines, which opens up the paternal DNA and allows for major reorganization — all in a matter of hours. Credit: Lan-Tao Gou A sperm enters […]

Stanford researchers used advanced microscopy and mathematical modeling to discover a pattern that governs the growth of neurons in the flatworm brain, shown here. Using this technique, they hope to find patterns that guide the growth of cells in other parts of the body in order to pave the way […]