Playing in nature improves children’s learning, social and emotional skills. MI PHAM/unsplash You may have heard of play. It’s that thing children do – the diverse range of unstructured, spontaneous activities and behaviours. Children play in many ways, including by exploring movements, constructing with equipment, creating games, using imagination and chasing others […]

Trustful parenting is thrown off course, in various ways, when fear prevails. By Peter Gray Ph.D.  Freedom to Learn I have long been advocating, on this blog and elsewhere, for what I refer to as trustful parenting.  Trustful parents allow their children as much freedom as reasonably possible to make their own decisions.  They trust their […]

By Peter Gray Ph.D. Freedom to Learn Converging evidence shows a major shift toward independence around age four. My earliest clear memories of events I experienced, which are not simply memories of stories told to me about my childhood, are from when I was 4 years old. I know, because those memories are clearly situated […]