Aleutian Islands are an archipelago comprising dozens of islands with 40 active and 17 dormant volcanoes. A researcher from MIPT has proposed a new explanation for the Arctic’s rapid warming. In his recent paper in Geosciences, he suggests that the warming could have been triggered by a series of great earthquakes. […]

Map showing the exact locations of Caspian Sea surface change. Credit: Prange et al. The water levels of the Caspian Sea will be 9 to 18 meters lower than they are now, German and Dutch researchers calculate. In the Nature-journal Communications Earth & Environment they urge the world to act. Coastal nations […]

Artistic diagram of the subsea and coastal permafrost ecosystems, emphasizing greenhouse gas production and release. Credit: Original artwork created for this study by Victor Oleg Leshyk at Northern Arizona University. New research suggests slow but substantial greenhouse gas release from subsea permafrost. In the far north, the swelling Arctic Ocean […]

The Pacific Ocean’s currents support a diverse ecosystem, seen here from space with green indicating blooms of photosynthesizing plankton. Warmer currents during the ice age may also have supported early human settlements. Credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, The SeaWiFS Project and GeoEye, Scientific Visualization Studio New research reveals significant changes […]

Visualization of the coupling dynamics of the ice layer and the turbulent convective motions in the water layer. 3D simulation for the bottom surface at 8oC and top surface at -10 C. Credit: Chao Sun A better understanding of iceberg melting and lake ice formation could provide new indicators of […]

A recent study examining carbon storage in Pacific Northwest forests demonstrated that although large-diameter trees (21 inches) only comprised 3% of total stems, they accounted for 42% of the total aboveground carbon storage. The researchers highlight the importance of protecting large trees and strengthening existing forest management policies so that […]

This data image shows the monthly average sea surface temperature for May 2015. Between 2013 and 2016, a large mass of unusually warm ocean water – nicknamed the Blob – dominated the North Pacific, indicated here by red, pink, and yellow colors signifying temperatures as much as three degrees Celsius […]

An artist’s rendering of undersea earthquake waves. Credit: Caltech Using soundwaves cast from seafloor earthquakes, researchers demonstrate a new take on a largely abandoned way to measure ocean warming worldwide — seismic ocean thermometry. The method, which they tested in the East Indian Ocean and where they uncovered a decadal […]

The prevailing theory has been that sea ice can act as a lid to keep carbon in the ocean from escaping back to the atmosphere. However, researchers at MIT have now identified a counteracting effect that suggests Antarctic sea ice may not be as powerful a control on the global […]