While three planets have been detected in the Kepler-431 system, little is known about the shapes of their orbits. On the left are a large number of superimposed orbits for each planet that are consistent with observations. An international team of astrophysicists led by Princeton’s Daniel Tamayo removed all the […]

Things are different on the other side of the mirror. Text is backward. Clocks run counterclockwise. Cars drive on the wrong side of the road. Right hands become left hands. Intrigued by how reflection changes images in subtle and not-so-subtle ways, a team of Cornell researchers used artificial intelligence to […]

In 2017, Stanford University researchers presented a new device that mimics the brain’s efficient and low-energy neural learning process. It was an artificial version of a synapse — the gap across which neurotransmitters travel to communicate between neurons — made from organic materials. In 2019, the researchers assembled nine of […]

We’re approaching the limit of how small transistors can get. As a result, over the past decade researchers have been working to find other ways to improve performance so that the computer industry can continue to innovate. MIT CSAIL researchers say improving computing technology after Moore’s Law will require more efficient […]

Algorithm Quickly Simulates a Roll of Loaded Dice The fast and efficient generation of random numbers has long been an important challenge. For centuries, games of chance have relied on the roll of a die, the flip of a coin, or the shuffling of cards to bring some randomness into […]

Constructing a small-scale circuit to further examine and explore the possibility. Credit: Tokyo University of Science The basic units of a quantum computer can be rearranged in 2D to solve typical design and operation challenges. Quantum computing is increasingly becoming the focus of scientists in fields such as physics and […]

A graphic depiction of protein nanowires (green) harvested from microbe Geobacter (orange) facilitate the electronic memristor device (silver) to function with biological voltages, emulating the neuronal components (blue junctions) in a brain. Credit: UMass Amherst/Yao lab University of Massachusetts Amherst researchers advance neuromorphic computing. Only 10 years ago, scientists working […]

Researchers demonstrated the mathematical impossibility of representing social networks and other complex networks using popular methods of ‘low-dimensional embeddings.’ Models and algorithms for analyzing complex networks are widely used in research and affect society at large through their applications in online social networks, search engines, and recommender systems. According to […]

Looking a bit like a bowl of spaghetti, this map shows the general scheme of the US stock market — formally known as the National Market System — as described by a team of scientist at the University of Vermont and The MITRE Corporation. Spread out between four communities in northern […]