This illustration shows the distant Comet Bernardinelli-Bernstein as it might look in the outer Solar System. Comet Bernardinelli-Bernstein is estimated to be about 1000 times more massive than a typical comet, making it arguably the largest comet discovered in modern times. It has an extremely elongated orbit, journeying inward from […]

An artist’s depiction of a neutron star merger. These mergers produce heavy elements like gold and platinum in abundance. Credit: Sonoma State University/A. Simonnet Nucleosynthesis is the creation of new atomic nuclei, the centers of atoms that are made up of protons and neutrons. Nucleosynthesis first occurred within a few […]

Stakeholders from government, national laboratories, universities, and industry came together at DOE’s Quantum Internet Blueprint Workshop to identify research objectives and milestones to speed development of our nation’s quantum internet. Credit: Image courtesy of the Department of Energy’s Office of Science Today’s internet connects us globally. It sends packets of […]

A diagram of our heliosphere. For the first time, scientists have mapped the heliopause, which is the boundary between the heliosphere (brown) and interstellar space (dark blue). Credit: NASA/IBEX/Adler Planetarium Using data from NASA’s IBEX satellite, scientists created the first-ever 3D map of the boundary between our solar system and […]

ANIMATION “Sterile neutrinos” are theoretically predicted new particles that offer an intriguing possibility in the quest for understanding the dark matter in our universe. Unlike the known “active” neutrinos in the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics, these sterile neutrinos do not interact with normal matter as they move through space, making them very difficult to […]

DOE’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory is using a sophisticated cooling system to keep qubits – the heart of quantum computers – cold enough for scientists to study them for use in quantum computers. Credit: Image courtesy of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Quantum computing may revolutionize our ability to solve problems that […]

Illustration Credit: Cortland Johnson | PNNL Small stockpiles of biomass such as sewage, food waste, and wood chips are often overlooked in visions of future sustainable fuel and chemical production. The dismissal arises because transporting these materials to a large-scale, centralized bio-refinery would require more energy than they produce. Yet […]

A standoff detonation of a nuclear device irradiates an asteroid and deposits energy at and beneath the surface. In this work, two neutron yields (50 kt and 1 Mt) and two neutron energies (14.1 MeV and 1 MeV) were the primary case studies compared side-by-side. The black dots represent the […]

The illustration traces the path of the beam as it passes through the copper radio frequency quadrupole, the black dipole magnet, and the slitted measuring system, and onto the particle detector. The beam’s structural complexity increases when measured at progressively higher resolutions. Credit: ORNL/Jill Hemman A high-intensity accelerator beam is […]