The reef at North Rock, Bermuda, similar to the reef (Sea Venture Shoals) where coral fragments were collected for this study. Credit: Stacy Peltier New research shows that pulses of cooler deep water reduced heat stress responses in corals. The risk of severe coral bleaching—a condition in which corals lose […]

Credit: Dr. Alexander Kirdyanov The largest-ever study of tree rings from Norilsk in the Russian Arctic has shown that the direct and indirect effects of industrial pollution in the region and beyond are far worse than previously thought. An international team of researchers, led by the University of Cambridge, has […]

Researchers found curved slickenlines at nine exposures of the Kekerengu fault in New Zealand. KATE CLARK/GNS SCIENCE Many of the world’s most dangerous earthquake faults are a silent menace: They have not ruptured in more than a century. To gauge the hazard they pose to buildings and people, geologists cannot […]

Animation Earth’s oceans help to slow global warming by absorbing carbon from our atmosphere – but fully observing this crucial process in the upper ocean and lower atmosphere is difficult, as measurements are taken not where it occurs, the sea surface, but several meters below. New research uses data from […]

Although less than one percent of all water in the world is freshwater, it is what we drink and use for agriculture. In other words, it’s vital to human survival. York University researchers have just created a publicly available water quality database for close to 12,000 freshwater lakes globally — […]

With a launch planned in 2027, the Copernicus Polar Ice and Snow Topography Altimeter, CRISTAL, mission will carry, for the first time, a dual-frequency radar altimeter, and microwave radiometer, that will measure and monitor sea-ice thickness, overlying snow depth, and ice-sheet elevations. Credit: Airbus Monitoring the cryosphere is essential to […]

Sea ice can act as an agent of climate change on a variety of timescales and spatial scales—it’s not just a passive responder to change. The Little Ice Age may have arisen “out of the blue,” from internal variability within the climate system, rather than in response to an external […]

This map overlays the probability of burn severity in California’s northern coastal mountains, as forecasted in a UC Davis study, with burn perimeters of wildfires burning in September 2020. Credit: UC Davis From Berryessa to Klamath Mountains, High-Severity Burns Quadrupled During Warm Drought High-severity wildfires in northern coastal California have been […]

An artist’s rendering of undersea earthquake waves. Credit: Caltech Despite climate change being most obvious to people as unseasonably warm winter days or melting glaciers, as much as 95 percent of the extra heat trapped on Earth by greenhouse gases is held in the world’s oceans. For that reason, monitoring […]