An example of what a complete fish fossil coelacanth looks like. This one is from the Jurassic of German. Credit: Professor David Martill, University of Portsmouth A serendipitous discovery of a fossilized bony lung reveals a massive ancient fish. Fossilized remains of a fish that grew as big as a […]

The newly described python species Messelopython freyi is the world’s oldest known fossil record of a python. Credit: Senckenberg Fossils suggest that the constrictors’ origin lies in Europe. Together with his colleague Hussam Zaher of the University in São Paulo, Senckenberg scientist Krister Smith described the world’s oldest known fossils […]

Field site in Ramnagar, India. Credit: Christopher Gilbert The 13-million-year-old gibbon ancestor fills major gaps in the primate fossil record. A 13-million-year-old fossil unearthed in northern India comes from a newly discovered ape, the earliest known ancestor of the modern-day gibbon. The discovery by Christopher C. Gilbert, Hunter College, fills […]

This illustration shows a life restoration of a pod of Ankylorhiza tiedemani hunting. Credit: Robert W Boessenecker A report in the journal Current Biology on July 9 offers a detailed description of the first nearly complete skeleton of an extinct large dolphin, discovered in what is now South Carolina. The 15-foot-long dolphin […]

An illustration of Calcaivis, an early relative of ostriches and cassowaries that lived 52 million years ago, showing its iridescent feathers. Credit: Velizar Simeonovski Cassowaries are big flightless birds with blue heads and dinosaur-looking feet; they look like emus that time forgot, and they’re objectively terrifying. They’re also, along with […]

In this image of one of the new ancient species’ reproductive structures, elliptical impressions of sporangia can be seen in one row, while on the top, another row displays preserved carbonized spore masses. Credit: Andrew Leslie Researchers have discovered an ancient plant species whose reproductive biology captures the evolution from […]

Two Spinosaurus hunt Onchopristis, a prehistoric sawfish, in the waters of the Kem Kem river system in what is now Morocco. Credit: Jason Treat, NG Staff, and Mesa Schumacher Art: Davide Bonadonna Source: Dr. Nizar Ibrahim, University of Detroit Mercy Paleontologist and National Geographic Explorer finds unique swimming adaptations in […]

Window into the 47 million year old ecosystem of the Geiseltal fossil locality with the small-sized horse-ancestor Propalaeotherium on the left, the ancient tapir Lophiodon in the middle, and a young terrestrial crocodile Bergisuchus in the background. Credit: Márton Szabó Researchers open a window onto ancient mammal evolution using fossils […]

The Broken Hill (Kabwe 1) skull is one of the best-preserved fossils of Homo heidelbergensis. Credit: Natural History Museum London. Griffith University scientists have led an international team to date the skull of an early human found in Africa, potentially upending human evolution knowledge with their discovery. The Broken Hill […]