Māori wrasse are large, colorful fish that can be found on the Great Barrier Reef. In a ground-breaking new study, scientists used innovative molecular techniques to explain how corals on the east coast of Australia survived previous tough conditions—enabling the Great Barrier Reef to become the vast reef it is […]

Linum bienne is the closest relative to cultivated flax. Credit: University of Portsmouth Scientists from the University of Portsmouth and Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, have come up with a formula to help plant breeders and farmers around the world grow crops in a more sustainable way. The new checklist, which was published […]

Using computer simulations built on reasonable assumptions and conducted under careful control, computational bioscientists can mimic real biological conditions. Starting with the original founding population (ancient phase), they can evolve the population over several thousand generations to develop an intermediate phase, and then evolve that generation another several thousand generations […]

Artist’s concept illustration depicting cells treated with antibiotics (red) propagating in a river environment, while those that have been genetically modified to remove the gene that produces the fluoride exporter (green) die off in the presence of fluoride. Credit: Lillian McKinney In Michelle O’Malley’s lab, a simple approach suggests a […]

The banyan tree Ficus macrocarpa produces aerial roots that give it its distinctive look. A new study reveals the genomic changes that allow the tree to produce roots that spring from its branches. Credit: Photo by Gang Wang The banyan fig tree Ficus microcarpa is famous for its aerial roots, which sprout […]

Newly described chemical reaction could have assembled DNA building blocks before life forms and their enzymes existed.   ANIMATION Discovery boosts theory that life on our planet arose from RNA-DNA mix. Chemists at Scripps Research have made a discovery that supports a surprising new view of how life originated on our […]

An image obtained from the system showing barcoded bees inside the observation hive. Outlines reflect whether a barcode could be decoded successfully (green), could not be decoded (red), or was not detected (no outline). The hive entrance is in the lower-right corner, and the inset reveals two bees that were […]

ANIMATION Proof-of-concept study represents first successful attempt to reverse the aging clock in animals through epigenetic reprogramming. Scientists turned on embryonic genes to reprogram cells of mouse retinas. Approach reversed glaucoma-induced eye damage in animals. Approach also restored age-related vision loss in elderly mice. Work spells promise for using same […]

Astronaut Scott Kelly is working with the Microgravity Sciences Glovebox during a Rodent Research session with Bone Densitometer. Credit: NASA Living in space isn’t easy. There are notable impacts on the biology of living things in the harsh environment of space. A team of scientists has now identified a possible […]

Adult female and juvenile Popa langur (Trachypithecus popa) in the crater of Mount Popa, Myanmar. Credit: Thaung Win A new primate species dubbed the Popa langur has been discovered in Myanmar after years of extensive study, including analysis of a 100-year old specimen kept in the London Natural History Museum. […]