MIT and Harvard researchers have studied how elementary units of magnetism, called spins (the black arrows), move around and interact with other spins, in a chain of single atoms (the colored spheres). The background shows a real image of the spins, revealing a high contrast periodic modulation of the blue […]

New research suggests that reading computer code does not rely on the regions of the brain that are involved in language processing. Credit: Jose-Luis Olivares, MIT Neuroscientists find that interpreting code activates a general-purpose brain network, but not language-processing centers. In some ways, learning to program a computer is similar […]

A new study helps explain how and why columns of methane gas can stream out of seafloor formations known as methane hydrates. Credit: Image courtesy of the NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research, Gulf of Mexico 2017. Leakage from frozen layers was a puzzle, but a new study shows […]

Reflective pavements could reduce the frequency of heat waves in Chicago by around 30 percent over 20 years. Credit: Jaysin Trevino/Wikimedia Commons MIT postdoc explains how reflective pavements can significantly — and often indirectly — mitigate climate change and extreme heat. Extreme heat events — like those seen in California in 2020 — […]

Fikile Brushett, an MIT associate professor of chemical engineering, leads a group dedicated to developing more efficient ways to store energy, including batteries that could be used to store the energy generated by wind and solar power. Credit: Jared Charney Fikile Brushett, an MIT associate professor of chemical engineering, had an unusual […]

CESMIX will focus on exascale simulation of materials in hypersonic flow environments. It will also drive the development of new predictive simulation paradigms and computer science tools for the exascale. Pictured is an illustration of a hypersonic vehicle, where materials needed for thermal protection are subject to extreme loading. Credit: […]

MIT researchers have developed a way for deep learning neural networks to rapidly estimate confidence levels in their output. The advance could enhance safety and efficiency in AI-assisted decision making. Credit: MIT A faster way to estimate uncertainty in AI-assisted decision-making could lead to safer outcomes. Increasingly, artificial intelligence systems […]

ANIMATION In a new realm of materials, PhD student Thanh Nguyen uses neutrons to hunt for exotic properties that could power real-world applications. Thanh Nguyen is in the habit of breaking down barriers. Take languages, for instance: Nguyen, a third-year doctoral candidate in nuclear science and engineering (NSE), wanted “to […]

MIT researchers have developed a system, called MCUNet, that brings machine learning to microcontrollers. The advance could enhance the function and security of devices connected to the Internet of Things (IoT). Credit: MIT Advance could enable artificial intelligence on household appliances while enhancing data security and energy efficiency. Deep learning […]

David Fischer sits beside the experiment’s vacuum chamber (illuminated in blue), where the high temperature superconductor tapes will be mounted for proton irradiation and in situ transport current measurement. His laptop shows data obtained in such measurements — the basis for determining the critical current. Credit: Zoe Fisher MIT Energy Fellow […]