This illustration represents the overfitted brain hypothesis of dreaming, which claims that the sparse and hallucinatory quality of dreams is not a bug, but a feature, since it helps prevent the brain from overfitting to its biased daily sources of learning. Credit: Georgia Turner The question of why we dream […]

The MIT startup Pison Technology, founded by Dexter Ang ’05, is using sensors to turn biopotentials on the skin into digital commands for smartphones, robots, IoT equipment, and more. Credit: Pison Pison, founded by Dexter Ang (MIT ’05), enables people to control digital interfaces, such as their phones, through brain signals. […]

The brains of musicians have stronger structural and functional connections compared to those of non-musicians, regardless of innate pitch ability, according to new research from JNeurosci. Years of musical training shape the brain in dramatic ways. A minority of musicians — with Mozart and Michael Jackson in their ranks — also […]

Researchers at Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU) in Japan show that melatonin and its metabolites promote the formation of long-term memories in mice and protect against cognitive decline. Researchers at Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU) showed that melatonin’s metabolite AMK can enhance the formation of long-term memories in […]

Credit: Shamir Medical Center Study finds hyperbaric oxygen treatments halt the aging of blood cells and reverses the aging process. A new study from Tel Aviv University (TAU) and the Shamir Medical Center in Israel indicates that hyperbaric oxygen treatments (HBOT) in healthy aging adults can stop the aging of […]

The ethical questions raised by emerging neuro-technologies Spectral-Design/Shutterstock Neuroscience is heading into an ethical minefield with the rise of research on “human brain surrogates”. That’s according to a new paper by Henry T. Greely in the American Journal of Bioethics, titled Human Brain Surrogates Research: The Onrushing Ethical Dilemma Greely defines ‘human […]

Neuronal fibers in a healthy brain (top) and a brain with agenesis of the corpus callosum (bottom). In the healthy brain, the two hemispheres are connected by the corpus callosum fibers, shown in red. These fibers are absent in the brain with corpus callosum agenesis. Credit: Unige/Siffredi People born without […]

Researchers provide the first physiological evidence that a foundational center of the brain influences how sound is processed, identify a previously unknown neural circuit. For the first time, researchers have provided physiological evidence that a pervasive neuromodulation system―a group of neurons that regulate the functioning of more specialized neurons―strongly influences […]

New research suggests that reading computer code does not rely on the regions of the brain that are involved in language processing. Credit: Jose-Luis Olivares, MIT Neuroscientists find that interpreting code activates a general-purpose brain network, but not language-processing centers. In some ways, learning to program a computer is similar […]

Neurons are like the electrical wiring of our bodies. They are connected by synapses, which play an important role in transferring information. Inside synapses, there are complex molecular machineries, such as synaptic vesicles (SV), that work in harmony to ensure proper neurotransmission. This research looked at the synaptic proteome — […]