Researchers provide the first physiological evidence that a foundational center of the brain influences how sound is processed, identify a previously unknown neural circuit. For the first time, researchers have provided physiological evidence that a pervasive neuromodulation system―a group of neurons that regulate the functioning of more specialized neurons―strongly influences […]

New research suggests that reading computer code does not rely on the regions of the brain that are involved in language processing. Credit: Jose-Luis Olivares, MIT Neuroscientists find that interpreting code activates a general-purpose brain network, but not language-processing centers. In some ways, learning to program a computer is similar […]

Neurons are like the electrical wiring of our bodies. They are connected by synapses, which play an important role in transferring information. Inside synapses, there are complex molecular machineries, such as synaptic vesicles (SV), that work in harmony to ensure proper neurotransmission. This research looked at the synaptic proteome — […]

A deficiency in vitamin D on the mother’s side could explain why autism spectrum disorder is three times more common in boys, say Queensland Brain Institute researchers. In their latest study, Professor Darryl Eyles and Dr. Asad Ali found vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy caused an increase in testosterone in the […]

ANIMATION Norepinephrine release to cells is diminished, causing cascade of effects. In a new paper, researchers from The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio (UT Health San Antonio) report brain chemistry that may contribute to why drinkers have difficulty paying attention while under the influence. The work […]

Bringing neuroscience out of the laboratory and into the concert hall. We all know that moment when we’re in the car, at a concert or even sitting on our sofa and one of our favorite songs is played. It’s the one that has that reallygood chord in it, flooding your system […]

“As we age, it’s harder to have a get-up-and-go attitude toward things,” says study author Ann Graybiel. Credit: Christine Daniloff, MIT Research on mice suggests aging affects a brain circuit critical for learning to make some types of decisions. As people age, they often lose their motivation to learn new […]

The researchers used brain imaging to explore other brain regions affected by sgACC over-activity during threat. Over-activation of sgACC increased activity within the amygdala and hypothalamus, two key parts of the brain’s stress network. By contrast, it reduced activity in parts of the lateral prefrontal cortex — a region important […]

Dopamine, serotonin involved in sub-second perception, cognition. In first-of-their-kind observations in the human brain, an international team of researchers has revealed two well-known neurochemicals — dopamine and serotonin — are at work at sub-second speeds to shape how people perceive the world and take action based on their perception. The […]