Similar to the cortex of mammals, the nerve cells in certain areas of the brain of birds are organized in vertical layers and horizontal columns. Credit: RUB, Biopsychlogy Some birds can perform amazing cognitive feats – even though their forebrains seem to just consist of lumps of grey cells, while […]

“Area 32” balances activity from cognitive and emotional brain areas in primates. Navigating through life requires balancing emotion and reason, a feat accomplished by the brain region “area 32” of the anterior cingulate cortex. The area maintains emotional equilibrium by relaying information between cognitive and emotional brain regions, according to […]

Brain cells called astrocytes appear in green, and purple represents the leakage of the blood-brain barrier. Together they show that leakage occurs around areas where astrocytes have been ablated. Now, in a study with potential impacts on a variety of neurological diseases, Fralin Biomedical Research Institute scientists have provided the […]

Time-sensitive neurons fatigue and skew our perception of time. On some days, time flies by, while on others it seems to drag on. A new study from JNeurosci reveals why: time-sensitive neurons get worn out and skew our perceptions of time. Neurons in the supramarginal gyrus (SMG) fire in response to a […]

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain An international team of researchers has found that long space flights can lead to some minor brain reorganization but no neurodegeneration. In their paper published in the journal Science Advances, the group describes their study of the brains of cosmonauts returning from long-term missions aboard the International Space […]

Mania Graphic. Credit: Diogo Matias Identifying the brain circuits affected in these “lesional” cases of mania, in addition to contributing to understanding the underlying mechanisms, could help find more effective treatments for bipolar disorder. A team of scientists from Portugal and the USA have now announced significant progress in the […]

New Brain Study Shows How Obeying Orders Can Dull Our Empathy War atrocities are sometimes committed by ‘normal’ people obeying orders. Researchers from the Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience measured brain activity while participants inflicted pain and found that obeying orders reduced empathy and guilt related brain activity for the inflicted […]

ANIMATION Our brains have an upper limit on how much they can process at once due to a constant but limited energy supply, according to a new UCL study using a brain imaging method that measures cellular metabolism. The study, published in the Journal of Neuroscience, found that paying attention can […]

“Dormio takes dream research to a new level, interacting directly with an individual’s dreaming brain and manipulating the actual content of their dreams,” says Robert Stickgold, director of the Center for Sleep and Cognition at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. Credit: Helen Gao Device not only helps record dream reports, […]

Oxytocin, the hormone that induce feelings of love and well-being within us, are found to reverse some of the damage caused by amyloid plaques in the learning and memory center of the brain in an animal model of Alzheimer’s. Credit: Tokyo University of Science Scientists discover for the first time […]