This artist’s illustration of Yamatosaurus izanagii (center) represents its ancestry to more advanced hadrosaurs (in the background). Credit: Artwork by Masato Hattori An international team of paleontologists has identified a new genus and species of hadrosaur or duck-billed dinosaur, Yamatosaurus izanagii, on one of Japan’s southern islands. The fossilized discovery […]

Loch Torridon A billion year old fossil, which provides a new link in the evolution of animals, has been discovered in the Scottish Highlands. Scientists have discovered the fossil of an organism with two distinct cell types,  thought to be the oldest of its kind ever recorded The fossil reveals […]

Modern snakefly pictured above Fifty-two-million-year-old fossil snakefly from Driftwood Canyon in British Columbia. Credit: Fossil image copyright Zootaxa Ancient predatory insects discovered in region once thought uninhabitable. Fossil discoveries often help answer long-standing questions about how our modern world came to be. However, sometimes they only deepen the mystery—as a […]

An example of what a complete fish fossil coelacanth looks like. This one is from the Jurassic of German. Credit: Professor David Martill, University of Portsmouth A serendipitous discovery of a fossilized bony lung reveals a massive ancient fish. Fossilized remains of a fish that grew as big as a […]

Ancient kauri tree log from Ngawha, New Zealand. Credit: Nelson Parker Radiocarbon measurements on the remains of 42,000-year-old New Zealand kauri trees provide the basis for better calibration of geological archives of this period. The last complete reversal of the Earth’s magnetic field, the so-called Laschamps event, took place 42,000 […]

The aerial scene depicts two Late Devonian early tetrapods — Ichthyostega and Acanthostega — coming out of the water to move on land. Footprints trail behind the animals to show a sense of movement. Credit: Davide Bonadonna It’s hard to overstate how much of a game-changer it was when vertebrates […]

Mollusks of a sample from Southern Israel: in red, those belonging to species of Red Sea origin, in blue, those of Mediterranean origin. Native species are very few, whereas tropical ones are dominant, marking the transformation of the ecosystem. Credit: © Paolo Albano Most native species are going locally extinct, […]

ANIMATION New research by scientists at the University of Bristol explains how a “stop-start” pattern of evolution, governed by environmental change, could explain why crocodiles have changed so little since the age of the dinosaurs. Crocodiles today look very similar to ones from the Jurassic period some 200 million years ago. There are also […]

The newly described python species Messelopython freyi is the world’s oldest known fossil record of a python. Credit: Senckenberg Fossils suggest that the constrictors’ origin lies in Europe. Together with his colleague Hussam Zaher of the University in São Paulo, Senckenberg scientist Krister Smith described the world’s oldest known fossils […]