The newly described python species Messelopython freyi is the world’s oldest known fossil record of a python. Credit: Senckenberg Fossils suggest that the constrictors’ origin lies in Europe. Together with his colleague Hussam Zaher of the University in São Paulo, Senckenberg scientist Krister Smith described the world’s oldest known fossils […]

An artist’s impression of the new sea dragon, Thalassodraco etches, in the Late Jurassic seas. Credit: Megan Jacobs An amateur fossil hunter has unearthed a new type of prehistoric ‘sea dragon’ on the beach of the UK’s Dorset coast. The new 2m-long ichthyosaurus is named ‘Etches sea dragon,’ after fossil […]

The Pacific Ocean’s currents support a diverse ecosystem, seen here from space with green indicating blooms of photosynthesizing plankton. Warmer currents during the ice age may also have supported early human settlements. Credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, The SeaWiFS Project and GeoEye, Scientific Visualization Studio New research reveals significant changes […]

Braincase and endocast of Thecodontosaurus antiquus. From CT scans of the braincase fossil, 3-D models of the braincase and the endocast were generated and studied. Credit: Created by Antonio Ballell with BioRender.com, Thecodontosaurus silhouette from PhyloPic.org A pioneering reconstruction of the brain belonging to one of the earliest dinosaurs to […]

A new study applies machine learning to the fossil record to visualize life’s history, showing the impacts of major evolutionary events. This shows the long-term evolutionary and ecological impacts of major events of extinction and speciation. Colors represent the geological periods from the Tonian, starting 1 billion years ago, in […]

A skeleton of an island fox. Credit: University of Missouri University of Missouri researcher adds to timeline of human evolution by studying an island fox. Nearly two decades ago, a small-bodied “human-like” fossil, Homo floresiensis,was discovered on an island in Indonesia. Some scientists have credited the find, now nicknamed “Hobbit,” as […]

An artist’s reconstruction of ‘Anomalocaris’ briggsi swimming within the twilight zone. Credit: Katrina Kenny Ancient marine creatures called radiodonts had incredible vision that likely drove an evolutionary arms race according to new research published on December 2, 2020. The international study, led by Professor John Paterson from the University of […]

By cutting into fossils and examining growth rings, scientists learned how predatory dinosaurs got so big. Tyrannosaurus rex was one of the biggest meat-eating dinosaurs of all time — it measured up to 42 feet long from snout to tail and would have weighed in at around 16,000 pounds. And it […]

Pterosaurs with these types of beaks are better known at the time period from North Africa, so it would be reasonable to assume a likeness to the North African Alanqa. Credit: Attributed to Davide Bonadonna Palaeontologists have made a surprising discovery while searching through 100-year-old fossil collections from the UK […]

An artist impression of the newly discovered extinct monk seal species. Credit: Illustration by Jaime Bran. Copyright_Museum of New Zealand Te Papa. An international team of biologists, led by Monash University, has discovered a new species of extinct monk seal from the Southern Hemisphere – describing it as the biggest […]