Lava flowing across black rocks. International research led by geologists from Curtin University has found that a volcanic province in the Indian Ocean was the world’s most continuously active — erupting for 30 million years — fueled by a constantly moving ‘conveyor belt’ of magma. It’s believed this magma ‘conveyor […]

Duckbill dinosaurs evolved in north America, spreading to South America, Asia, Europe, and finally Africa. Credit: Raul Martin The first fossils of a duckbilled dinosaur have been discovered in Africa, suggesting dinosaurs crossed hundreds of kilometers of open water to get there. The study, published in Cretaceous Research, reports the new dinosaur, Ajnabia […]

Most fossil albanerpetontids are crushed or in disarray. This CT image shows an exquisitely preserved adult albanerpetontid skull that is helping researchers re-envision these extinct amphibians. Credit: Edward Stanley/Florida Museum of Natural History/VGStudioMax3.4 Fossils of bizarre, armored amphibians known as albanerpetontids provide the oldest evidence of a slingshot-style tongue, a […]

Buriolestes schultzi brain. Credit: Márcio L. Castro The study of the brain of extinct organisms sheds lights on their behaviors. However, soft tissues, like the brain, are not usually preserved for long periods. Hence, researchers reconstruct the brains of dinosaurs by analyzing the cranial cavities under computed tomography. It demands […]

A Photoshop-created image of how Kataigidodon venetus may have looked, illustrated by Ben Kligman, a Ph.D. student in the Department of Geosciences and Hannah R. Kligman. Credit: Virginia Tech Fossilized jaw bone fragments of a rat-like creature found at the Petrified Forest National Park in Arizona last year by a […]

Honey Badger (Mellivora capensis). Credit: Jaffacity CC BY-SA 4.0 New research reports on discovery of 5-million-year-old honey badger-like animal from West Coast of South Africa. Five million years ago, dangerous carnivores — such as giant wolverines and otters, bears, sabertooth cats, and large hyaenids — prowled the West Coast of […]

Sessile filter feeders like this Carboniferous crinoid, the mushroom crinoid (Agaricocrinus americanus), were significantly less abundant after the Permian-Triassic extinction. Credit: Vassil – Alias Collections, CC BY-SA 3.0 New study provides a comprehensive reconstruction of the Permian-Triassic boundary event. Life on Earth has a long, but also an extremely turbulent […]

Of the six or more different species of early humans, all belonging to the genus Homo, only we Homo sapiens have managed to survive. Now, a study reported in the journal One Earth today (October 15, 2020) combining climate modeling and the fossil record in search of clues to what led to […]

Artist’s rendering of Gavialimimus almaghribensis, a newly discovered species of mosasaur that ruled the seas of what is now Morocco some 72 to 66 million years ago. Credit: Tatsuya Shinmura Ancient lizard’s long, crocodile-like snout suggests it carved out a niche in a competitive marine ecosystem. A new species of […]

A new study shows that the body size of the iconic gigantic Megalodon or megatooth shark, about 50 feet (15 meters) in length, is indeed anomalously large compared to body sizes of its relatives. Formally called Otodus megalodon, the fossil shark that lived nearly worldwide roughly 15-3.6 million years ago is […]