The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) is a general-purpose detector at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Credit: CERN The bounds are some of the tightest yet on the existence of third-generation leptoquarks. At the most fundamental level, matter is made up of two types of particles: leptons, such as the electron, […]

The Borexino research team has also succeeded in detecting neutrinos from the sun’s second fusion process, the Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen cycle (CNO cycle) for the first time. Credit: Borexino Collaboration/Maxim Gromov The Borexino experiment research team has succeeded in detecting neutrinos from the sun’s second fusion process, the Carbon Nitrogen […]

MIT and Harvard researchers have studied how elementary units of magnetism, called spins (the black arrows), move around and interact with other spins, in a chain of single atoms (the colored spheres). The background shows a real image of the spins, revealing a high contrast periodic modulation of the blue […]

Using collision data from the ALICE detector at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, the strong interaction between a proton (right) and the rarest of the hyperons, the omega hyperon (left), which contains three strange quarks, was successful measured with high precision. Credit: Daniel Dominguez / CERN High-precision measurements of […]

Figure 1. Cavity designs with various internal sections. (Left to right) ① single large cavity, ② single small cavity, ③ multiple small cavities ④multiple-cell cavity (pizza cavity) ⑤ multiple-cell cavity with a gap. Credit: IBS A cavity partitioned into multiple identical cells provides a highly efficient path to high-frequency axion […]

New mathematics have shown that lines of energy can be used to describe the universe.   ANIMATION Matter is what makes up the universe, but what makes up matter? This question has long been tricky for those who think about it – especially for the physicists. Reflecting recent trends in physics, […]

The Borexino detector, a hyper-sensitive instrument deep underground in Italy, has finally succeeded at the nearly impossible task of detecting CNO neutrinos from our sun’s core. These little-known particles reveal the last missing detail of the fusion cycle powering our sun and other stars, and could answer still-outstanding questions about […]

ANIMATION The effect that nearly massless, subatomic particles called neutrinos have on the formation of galaxies has long been a cosmological mystery—one that physicists have sought to measure since discovering the particles in 1956. But an international research team including the Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the […]

View into the interior of the Borexino detector. Credit: Borexino Collaboration Neutrinos Yield First Experimental Evidence of Catalyzed Fusion Dominant in Many Stars An international team of about 100 scientists of the Borexino Collaboration, including particle physicist Andrea Pocar at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, report in Nature this week detection of […]

ANIMATION In a new realm of materials, PhD student Thanh Nguyen uses neutrons to hunt for exotic properties that could power real-world applications. Thanh Nguyen is in the habit of breaking down barriers. Take languages, for instance: Nguyen, a third-year doctoral candidate in nuclear science and engineering (NSE), wanted “to […]