ENLARGE The fluorescence of radicals generated from tetraarylsuccinonitrile would enable visualization of the crystallization. Fluorescence microscopy observations of crystallization-induced mechanofluorescence allow the precise identification of the stress location and in-depth clarification of the polymer crystallization process. Credit: Tokyo Tech In modern times, manufacturers produce highly specialized materials for a wide […]

A new study applies machine learning to the fossil record to visualize life’s history, showing the impacts of major evolutionary events. This shows the long-term evolutionary and ecological impacts of major events of extinction and speciation. Colors represent the geological periods from the Tonian, starting 1 billion years ago, in […]