This illustration, updated as of December 2020, depicts NASA’s Europa Clipper spacecraft. The mission, targeting a 2024 launch, will investigate whether Jupiter’s moon Europa and its internal ocean have conditions suitable for life. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech Jupiter’s moon Europa has an icy crust covering a vast, global ocean. The rocky layer […]

West Mato Volcano erupting in 2009. Credit: Image courtesy of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Volcanic eruptions deep in our oceans are capable of extremely powerful releases of energy, at a rate high enough to power the whole of the United States, according to research published today. Eruptions from […]

NASA’s Galileo spacecraft caught Jupiter’s moon Io, the planet’s third-largest moon, undergoing a volcanic eruption. Locked in a perpetual tug of war between the imposing gravity of Jupiter and the smaller, consistent pulls of its neighboring moons, Io’s distorted orbit causes it to flex as it swoops around the gas […]

Photo of eruption at Mount Redoubt in Alaska in 2009. Credit: Game McGimsey, USGS New research methods may lead to earlier predictions of volcanic eruptions. Although there are telltale signs that a volcano is likely to erupt in the near future – an uptick in seismic activity, changes in gas […]

Lake Atitlán in Guatemala is a beautiful lake lying in the caldera formed due to the Los Chocoyos supervolcano eruption. The event had huge impacts to the atmospheric circulation in the tropics according to a new study. Credit: Steffen Kutterolf/GEOMAR The question of what happens in the atmosphere when a […]

March 16 – 21, 2021 In an eruption not far from Reykjavik, lava poured from spatter cones along a new fissure on Reykjanes peninsula. Swarms of small earthquakes in February 2021 on Iceland’s Reykjanes peninsula had experts warning that magma was moving beneath Geldingadalur valley and could soon erupt. Late on March […]

Powerful explosive strombolian eruption from two vents on Pico do Fogo volcano.   ANIMATION What would a volcano — and its lava flows — look like on a planetary body made primarily of metal? A pilot study from North Carolina State University offers insights into ferrovolcanism that could help scientists interpret landscape features […]